Law As A Career In India
Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India. Conventionally, there were only two sorts of specialization that were there like civil and criminal. The sector of law has evolved rapidly. You have got a variety of specializations like arbitration, international law, cyber law. So, you need to plan it.
In India there are 15 lakh Advocates across the country. There are four to five lakh students. Approximately, seventy thousand graduates are joining this profession every year and this field is growing by 25%. I think, it sounds fantastic because I see a cardio surgeon he is probably doing Cardiothoracic surgery all his life, but what you are bringing here for people is the fact that they can a)Do a variety of things and b) perhaps to do them all either simultaneously or at different parts of their career exactly and If you have a good team of lawyers, you can grow your business. You can grow this profession at the same time you are serving society.
Vast opportunities (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
Law is always evolving. There are so many new courses that a student can pursue today. We can talk about arbitration law, banking, cyber law, intellectual property law. And there are very many other fields you know which are not even prescribed by the Bar Council of India like public laws, privacy laws, commercial laws. So, opportunities are many folds. It is up to a student or a person, in which direction he or she would want to go.
In India, Corporate sector has rapidly grown. There are new fields which are coming up. There is a banking law, arbitration international law, competent law. When people do internships in the offices, they are seeing that people are doing nine to five jobs in a posh office. They feel at times in the short term that it will be nice that if they can work in the corporate sector. They think that people get a salary towards the end of the month. There is a certainty they feel. They feel that corporate job is more reliable.
There are foreign multinational companies that are coming and therefore there are certain fields like mergers and acquisitions, Air Marine law, space law, Environmental laws these are the sectors that are coming up. These are high paying fees. Again, so you require a specialized individual.
However, there is another school of thought that in the short term corporate sector is paying them. But in the long run litigation pays. It all depends upon the patience of a particular individual an amount of work he would want to put into it.
Litigation (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
You are very clear about where you want to go. You know various fields of law. The first compartment is litigation, if you have a flair for litigation. You know then one should be ready to go in the court and argue the matter. You can join the firm or you can become a government leader.
But in law, it is not like that the person who is drafting, his or her drafting should be stellar so that the other person can argue the matter. Procedural Law is a very important Technicalities, how to file a case, filing lawyers so we cannot discount those roles. One can have a very good career in a back end role also like that, that too in litigation, so even the best actor needs a great scriptwriter.
Some students would want to be in a government job. There is a civil service examination called ILS Indian Legal Services, and if you clear that probably you can become Law secretary. It is a prestigious post you can be a registrar, Collector through the ILS examination. There are other Exams like the JMFC, District Judge, judicial clerkship. A person who has got good in teaching students, and do research. So immediately after LLB, he can do masters, MPhil and then Doctorate. And though he can be into research, he can become a professor.
There are corporate jobs, one can go into for writing contracts, agreements arbitration in-house management of litigation. So, these are four compartments that one can choose which way, which direction they would want to go and then they can choose and decide.
Some common skills are required for you to be a good lawyer. Irrespective of which of the Fields you choose to be. He needs to have good communication skills. He should articulate thoughts very clearly and think laterally and quickly. They should work on the temperament of others. Because law is nothing but common sense, but to have that one has to read a lot, articulate and then only you can give advice to other people.
Sometimes the simplest things like common sense are the hardest ones to cultivate. And that is why we say that we lawyers are practicing and when we say practicing you know learning never stops in fact.
Never stop learning
The living legend Fali S Nariman, he wrote an article Turning point of my life. ‘Whether he has his case or not he sits in the court’, and he observed something new over there what I am trying to say is that at his age, at his level, at his stature the person is going to the court and learning.
You must have heard about Chief Justice M. C. Chagla who was Chief Justice of Bombay High Court from 1948 to1958, he wrote the book called Roses in December, specifically he has written that the success of a lawyer Depends upon himself. He has to work on his skills. He has to develop that legal aptitude, but above all what people see and corporate see is that one has to have a good round personality and Not only that he needs to have good networking and contacts.
One of the ways is that you can work or train or get trained under a senior lawyer. Another is that he will have to work on his skills and get the network developed on his own. (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
Students interested in law will have to take two types of courses, one is three year LLB right after graduation and a five-year course that is just after passing your high school, which is 12th standard. The government has started taking up the Common law Admission Test which is called CLAT. There are five different kinds of questions that are asked in this particular examination English, General Knowledge, legal aptitude, Mathematics and logical reasoning. One can prepare by doing classroom training, online coaching or self-study. A student can join a crash where they will teach you what to study and what not to study. .
Overseas study (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
If a student wants to apply overseas for law while it is a postgraduate course overseas. And for that you need to Prepare for the LSAT law school admission test for study at a university abroad.
You can come back after your completion of course, and you will have to enroll yourself with the Bar Council of India and there are a lot of universities. Which are recognized by the Bar Council of India and then you can enroll themselves. And they can get Sanad. And after getting Sanad. They will have to enroll for all India bar Examination. So that they can get a certificate of practice.
But my advice would be if somebody would want to practice in India. So, in my opinion, it is always good that you read Indian law in the Indian context. Otherwise you will see yourself lagging when you compare yourselves with friends. Or if they studied abroad then they could perhaps stay with a multinational company that needs them to know the international law exactly if they want to pursue international law, competency law or International arbitration. Then it may be a good idea to do law from a foreign university and get in these in India, it can be an added advantage.
Sanad (Licence to practice)
Sanad is required for your practice. It is nothing but a license to practice so after finishing your graduation, you will have to enroll yourself with any of the state bars. So, for example, if you are in Mumbai, So Maharashtra and Goa and later on you will have to appear for all India bar examination. Bar council of India has started conducting this examination since 2010. Which will provide you certificate of practice.
Age limit for perusing LLB course (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
For perusing Law course, there are the criteria of the age limit up to 30 years for a person who is doing three years LLB degree and for a backward class is 35 years. For an integrated five-year course the age limit is 20 years and for backward classes is 25 years. You can do a law degree and later on you can enroll yourself for Sanad whenever you would want to come into practice. Otherwise you can always be in corporate law.
The profession works on relationships. You need to keep meeting people. And another point one should remember is that that you should have a mentor. If you have a mentor success will be faster. It takes time for a lawyer to develop his practice. If you have a mentor, you can develop your practice faster and quicker. (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
Law-related movies and books
Lawyers have to keep themselves updated all the time. There are certain interesting books would suggest is Anonymous Lawyer by Jeremy Blachman, Making your case by Antonin, Scalia How to argue and win every time by Gerry Spences and one who has got Interested in watching TV series, so one can watch Boston legal Suits, Better Call Saul and How to get away with murder, these are some good TV series, where anyone can watch and develop their legal aptitude.
Private Practice (Law Career Options – Job Opportunities In India)
The lawyers themselves are their brand. So, for them reputation is very important, trust is very important. So, therefore it is necessary to start building trust in your client and build a reputation. As we always say that whatever you are practicing today will germinate into a garden tomorrow.
You should have a clear cut goal in your mind, and you should work towards that. Your time is very precious. You are giving advice, giving an opinion, giving guidance. A very important aspect is that you have to be very proactive with your clients. If you are not communicating with your client. Then there will some dissatisfaction and due to this dissatisfaction, you will not be able to have a continuous business and your reputation will at stake.
So, you need to communicate with your clients. You need to tell your client. You need to give feedback. you need to take feedback. Sometimes the Lack of Communication creates a lack of trust.